TTD-1 well is located in offshore block SK in East Malaysia and this High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) well proved to be a challenging well to drill with a pore pressure ramp exceeding 15psi/ft and a bottom hole pressure exceeding 14,000psi. Due to the predicted steep pressure ramp and the resulting narrow margin between the pore and fracture pressures advanced dynamic kick simulations and Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) was used to drill TTD1 well. This paper details the importance of dynamic kick tolerance calculations in getting the well to the targeted drilling depth. In order to optimize casing setting depths in a narrow margin HPHT drilling environment, dynamic flow checks and dynamic formation integrity tests using managed pressure drilling technology were used to define the lower and upper boundaries. The dynamic well control simulations take an influx followed by standard well control procedure of shutting down the pumps and closing the BOP before circulating out the influx. The kick tolerance of a well is governed by fracture pressures, influx volumes and kick intensity. The kick tolerance limits are defined by the operator and if the limits are reached the next casing has to be installed before drilling can proceed. In addition to the dynamic kick tolerance analysis conducted in the planning phase, a simplified version of the software was installed on the rig. Drilling supervisors and well control specialists were trained to operate the software. The purpose of the rigsite kick simulator was to enable the drilling supervisors to quickly determine if an influx could be circulated out safely without exceeding surface or downhole pressure limits during a well control situation. The simplicity coupled with realistic multiphase technology permits simulations to be performed as soon as an influx is taken. The multiphase dynamic kick model is able to simulate a well control event more realistically when compared to the common single bubble kick calculations. These more realistic calculations allowed drilling to proceed whilst maintaining pre-determined kick tolerance volumes. This allowed the deeper targets to be achieved in the TTD-1 well.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error