A target-oriented approach is developed to provide support for in-fill and re-shoot decisions during time-lapse (4D) marine seismic acquisitions. Repeatability quality of surveys positioning is determined from their respective illumination on selected reservoir horizons. Quality control of seismic repeatability is carried out from processing standpoint, through the check of 4D differences in target illumination fold and shifts in reflection-points. Corresponding support to re-shoot decisions is provided onboard from a dedicated indicator. It is defined as the similarity between time-lapse illumination of individual shots or navigation lines, evaluated from an adapted image registration metric. This indicator provides a user-friendly tool to qualify the acquisition, or identify and rank any re-shoot options. Evaluation of 4D mismatches at target depth enables to derive re-shoot decisions driven from the repeatability of reservoir illumination. At the end of acquisition, monitor data are delivered that have been validated in terms of seismic illumination repeatability with respect to base data.


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