Porosity and permeability of carbonate sediments evolve markedly with burial depth, reflecting the combined effects of mechanical compaction, chemical compaction, dissolution and cementation. While trends in porosity change with depth can be qualified, the evolution of permeability remains problematic. Here, we create a theoretical series of 2D images of major pore-occluding and pore enhancing diagenetic processes linked to their depth of occurrence. These images were then used to create 3D pore architecture models using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation, from which pore network were extracted to obtain multiphase fluid flow properties. The modelled porosity and permeability evolution from three different diagenetic pathways display several tipping points where the decrease in permeability is significantly larger than the associated drop in porosity. Such diagenetic pathway models can provide constraints on the predicted behaviour of carbonates during burial and/or uplift scenarios.


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