Remote sensing using geophysical principles begins with the development and design of equipment for performing research of objects remotely and without disturbing their integrity. In geological remote sensing studies the determination of the chemical/mineral composition and the structure of the objects within the field of view of the instrument either obtained in the lab, with a field spectrometer, or with a remote sensor is a main goal. The aim of this study is to present and test the procedure of preprocessing of the field spectrometric data. Field spectrometric studies of rocks were made to collect spectral signatures of different rock types for the reliable detection and identification of their mineral and chemical composition. The experiments are based on major physical principles such as light scattering, absorption of light, and reflection of light in the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). Field spectral measurements were made with Thematically Oriented Multi-channel Spectrometer designed and constructed in Remote Sensing Systems Department at SRTI-BAS. The spectrometer with increased spectral resolution works in (400-900) nm range of EMS. The results are compared with similar data from spectral libraries. They correspond to the shape of reflectance spectra in the same range of EMS obtained with other spectrometers.


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