Government of the Republic of Indonesia urgently requires accelerating oil and gas production through EOR methods because oil and gas sector still plays an important role in Indonesian economy. This paper presented the observation of opportunities and challenges in developing first nanotechnology in enhanced oil recovery (Nano-EOR) in Indonesia. This study introduced a developed screening criterion and a methodology for evaluation Nano-EOR candidates in Indonesia. Prior to introducing Nano-EOR in Indonesia in the middle of 2017, the government have done with previous studies of top 34 EOR potential fields and concluded into: CO2 (18%), steam flooding (3%) and chemical flooding (79%). We presented the difficulties those techniques to be implemented currently in Indonesia. Hence, it is required a breakthrough solution of fast-tracking and cost-efficient method.

As an emerging EOR technology, we investigated Nano-EOR as new fast-tracking and cost-efficient techniques. We observed several recognized benefits and challenges during developing Nano-EOR for fast-tracking implementation at low oil price situation. Based on our study, Nano-EOR is favourable for the most listed potential oilfield for EOR, proven technique and can tackle current constraints of traditional EOR techniques. The discussion about challenges from technical, fiscal, and regulation aspects are also included in this paper.


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