1887
Volume 37 Number 5
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478

Abstract

ABSTRACT

In order to make 3D prestack depth migration feasible on modern computers it is necessary to use a target‐oriented migration scheme. By limiting the output of the migration to a specific depth interval (target zone), the efficiency of the scheme is improved considerably. The first step in such a target‐oriented approach is redatuming of the shot records at the surface to the upper boundary of the target zone. For this purpose, efficient non‐recursive wavefield extrapolation operators should be generated. We propose a ray tracing method or the Gaussian beam method. With both methods operators can be efficiently generated for any irregular shooting geometry at the surface. As expected, the amplitude behaviour of the Gaussian beam method is better than that of the ray tracing based operators.

The redatuming algorithm is performed per shot record, which makes the data handling very efficient. From the shot records at the surface‘genuine zero‐offset data’are generated at the upper boundary of the target zone. Particularly in situations with a complicated overburden, the quality of target‐oriented zero‐offset data is much better than can be reached with a CMP stacking method at the surface. The target‐oriented zero‐offset data can be used as input to a full 3D zero‐offset depth migration scheme, in order to obtain a depth section of the target zone.

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2006-04-27
2020-04-06
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