Volume 40 Number 7
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478



In 1989 a new type of marine seismic source was introduced. This new air‐gun, which consists of two air chambers instead of one, is called the GI gun. The main feature of this gun is that the bubble created by the gun is stabilized by an injection of extra air from the second chamber at a later time. This injection mechanism reduces the amplitude of the bubble oscillations, which also means that the acoustic signal from a GI gun shot is characterized by a very clean primary pulse followed by very small bubble oscillations. A method for calculating the acoustic signal generated by a GI gun is presented. Based on the solution of a damped Kirkwood–Bethe equation, the far‐field pressure of single GI guns and of arrays of GI guns is calculated.

It is shown that the optimal values for injection start time and injection period vary with injector volume and gun depth. It is also shown that the precision in the firing time for the injector should be of the order of 4 ms, while the precision of the injection period should be of the order of 8 ms. Modelled and measured far‐field signatures have been compared, and the relative error energy is found to be less than 3.5% for all examples.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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