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Abstract

Oil accidents are incidents that damage economy, society and environment and affect local, regional or national communities. Oil accidents cause serious damage to countries, humans, corporations and most of all, environment. In order to be prepared for and respond to an oil pollution incident, its crucial to have national, regional, local and facility emergency response plans. Extensive and accurate planning is the key to oil pollution preparedness. Organizations must have oil pollution based emergency response plans and equipment, materials and trained personnel that are required to execute and carry out these plans. A full response can be achieved by; preparing detailed plans and determining the response procedures, administrative and technical considerations, equipment and materials that meet the quality standarts, trained personnel and carefully planned drill scenarios. Emergency response service centers that have adequate equipment and trained personnel can provide response to local, regional and national oil pollution incidents. Main Topics of Oil Pollution Response Activities: Emergency Response Planning: - Risk Assessment and Case Specific Modelling Studies - Determining Response Equipment and Personnel - Response Organization - Logistics and Communications - Notifications and Reporting - Public Relations Management - Waste Management - Safety and Worker Protection - Rehabilitation Activities - Training and Drills Emergency Response Service: - Tier 1 Emergency Response Service - Tier 2 Emergency Response Service - Tier 3 Emergency Response Service.

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/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.377.100
2011-05-11
2021-10-26
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