The existence of high-permeability features, such as fissures, fractures, and eroded-out zones, diminishes the sweep efficiency of any water, gas, or polymer flooding operation. Placing crosslinked conformance polymer gels or other types of blocking agents in injection and/or production wells can generate the necessary flow diversion for increasing the recovery factor of enhanced oil recovery/improved oil recovery (EOR/IOR) treatments. This paper evaluates a high-molecular-weight (HMW) organically crosslinked polymer (OCP) (referred to as HMW-OCP) gel system for such scenarios. This conformance technology is the result of crosslinking reactions between HMW polyacrylamide and polyethylenimine (PEI). The relatively medium viscosities of the fluids caused by the HMW of the components of the system allows for in-depth gel placement in fractures and high-perm channels, without invading the matrix of the rock. A low-molecular version of this polymer system has proven to successfully control water production in matrix applications. This HMW-OCP system gelation occurs gradually with time and temperature and can be designed to suit the need for short and long placement times. Optimization of gelation times using chemical activators and bimodal distribution of polymer molecular weights (MWs) is discussed. Fast hydration of the base polymer provides on-the-fly mixing capabilities. Also, the use of all liquid polymers and additives allows ease of transportation, handling, and storage and mixing of large volumes of material usually necessary for this type of treatment. Laboratory test results show long-term plugging capabilities, thermal stability, and fluid-loss control.


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