Gaussian beam migration is an efficient, flexible and robust depth imaging method, which could image multiple arrivals accurately and has no steep-dip limitation. But like Kirchhoff migration, it also maps the reflection energy to the travel-time ellipse isochrones, which produces lots of coherence noise and swing artifacts, especially for sparse acquired seismic data. Based on the local similarity analysis of reflection events, we present a data-driven Gaussian beam migration method in this paper. Through the local similarity analysis in common-shot and common-receiver gathers, the instantaneous ray parameters of specular reflection at shot-point and receiver position are exacted from original seismic records and can be converted principal ray emergence angles. Using these information and Fresnel zone radius along central ray, we can construct a quality control coefficient in Gaussian beam migration to suppress coherence noise and improve image quality. Typical numerical examples and the field data processing demonstrate the validity and adaptability of our method.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Cerveny, V. and Soares, J.E.P.
    [1992] Fresnel volume ray tracing. Geophysics, 57(7), 902–915.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Gray, S.H. and Bleistein, N.
    [2009] True-amplitude Gaussian-beam migration. Geophysics, 74(2), S11–S23.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Gray, S.H.
    [2005] Gaussian beam migration of common-shot records. Geophysics, 70(4), S71–S77.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Hill, N.R.
    [1990] Gaussian beam migration. Geophysics, 55(11), 1416–1428.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. [2001] Prestack Gaussian-beam depth migration. Geophysics, 66(4), 1240–1250.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Hu, C. and Stoffa, P.L.
    [2009] Slowness-driven Gaussian-beam prestack depth migration for low-fold seismic data. Geophysics, 74(6), WCA35–WCA45.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Marfurt, K.J., Kirlin, R.L., Farmer, S.L. et al.
    [1998] 3-D seismic attributes using a semblance-based coherency algorithm. Geophysics, 63(4), 1150–1165.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Yue, Y.B., Li, Z.C., Qian, Z.P. et al.
    [2012] Amplitude-preserved Gaussian beam migration under complex topographic conditions. Chinese J. Geophys. (in Chinese), 55(4), 1376–1383.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Zhu, T., Gray, S.H. and Wang, D.
    [2007] Prestack Gaussian-beam depth migration in anisotropic media. Geophysics, 72(3), S133–S138.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Zhu, T.
    [2013] Complex-Beam Migration: Formulation and Comparisons. 2013 SEG Annual Meeting, Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error