Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) is a useful tool for time-lapse monitoring. We conduct elastic 2D Full Waveform Inversion (FWI) on offset Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) data to detect and quantify the time-lapse anomaly introduced by the CO2 geosequestration. Two datasets are being studied: a 2D synthetic dataset and the field dataset acquired during the Stage 2C of the CO2CRC Otway project. FWI proves capable of detecting the time-lapse anomaly on both datasets, however, the strength of the anomaly in the field data inversion results is lower than expected from theoretical predictions. We attribute this to 3D effects, which are not taken into account. In the end, FWI proves to be an instrument that fits the monitoring problem well. The inversion of the monitor dataset is significantly quicker than the baseline inversion, which enables the time-lapse anomaly identification shortly after the data acquisition.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Bunks, C., Saleck, F. M., Zaleski, S. and Chavent, G.
    [1995] Multiscale seismic waveform inversion. Geophysics, 60(5), 1457–1473.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Caspari, E., Pevzner, R., Gurevich, B., Dance, T., Ennis-King, J., Cinar, Y. and Lebedev, M.
    [2015] Feasibility of CO2 plume detection using 4D seismic: CO2CRC Otway Project case study — Part 1: Rock-physics modeling. Geophysics, 80(4), B95–B104.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Köhn, D.
    [2011] Time domain 2D elastic full waveform tomography. Ph. D. dissertation, Christian-Albrechts-Universitätzu Kiel.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Köhn, D., De Nil, D., Kurzmann, A., Przebindowska, A. and Bohlen, T.
    [2012] On the influence of model parametrization in elastic full waveform tomography. Geophysical Journal International, 191(1), 325–345.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Liang, L., Li, M., Rufino, R., Abubakar, A., Nutt, L., Menkiti, H., Dummong, S. and Tondel, R.
    [2013] Application of frequency-domain full-waveform inversion for time-lapse 3D VSP data interpretation. SEG Technical Program, Expanded Abstracts, 5107–5112.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Nocedal, J. and Wright, S.
    [2006] Numerical Optimization. SpringerNew York.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Owusu, J. C., Podgornova, O., Charara, M., Leaney, S., Campbell, A., Ali, S., Borodin, I., Nutt, L. and Menkiti, H.
    [2016] Anisotropic elastic full-waveform inversion of walkaway vertical seismic profiling data from the Arabian Gulf. Geophysical Prospecting, 64(1), 38–53.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Pevzner, R., Urosevic, M., Tertyshnikov, K., Gurevich, B., Shulakova, V., Glubokovskikh, S., Popik, D., Correa, J., Kepic, A., Freifeld, B., Robertson, M., Wood, T., Daley, T. and Singh, R.
    [2016] Stage 2C of the CO2CRC Otway Project: Seismic Monitoring Operations and Preliminary Results. 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Tarantola, A.
    [1984] Inversion of seismic reflection data in the acoustic approximation. Geophysics, 49(8), 1259–1266.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Virieux, J.
    [1986] P-SV wave propagation in heterogeneous media: Velocity-stress finite-difference method. Geophysics, 51(4), 889–901.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Wapenaar, C. P. A., Verschuur, D. J. and Herrmann, P.
    [1992] Amplitude preprocessing of single and multicomponent seismic data. Geophysics, 57(9), 1178–1188.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Yang, D., Malcolm, A., Fehler, M. and Huang, L.
    [2014] Time-lapse walkaway vertical seismic profile monitoring for CO2 injection at the SACROC enhanced oil recovery field: A case study. Geophysics, 79(2), B51–B61.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error