1887
Volume 63, Issue 1
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478

Abstract

ABSTRACT

The nonlinearity of the seismic amplitude‐variation‐with‐offset response is investigated with physical modelling data. Nonlinearity in amplitude‐variation‐with‐offset becomes important in the presence of large relative changes in acoustic and elastic medium properties. A procedure for pre‐processing physical modelling reflection data is enacted on the reflection from a water‐plexiglas boundary. The resulting picked and processed amplitudes are compared with the exact solutions of the plane‐wave Zoeppritz equations, as well as approximations that are first, second, and third order in , , and . In the low angle range of 0°–20°, the third‐order plane‐wave approximation is sufficient to capture the nonlinearity of the amplitude‐variation‐with‐offset response of a liquid‐solid boundary with , , and ρ contrasts of 1485–2745 m/s, 0–1380 m/s, and 1.00–1.19 gm/cc respectively, to an accuracy value of roughly 1%. This is in contrast to the linear Aki–Richards approximation, which is in error by as much as 25% in the same angle range. Even‐order nonlinear corrective terms are observed to be primarily involved in correcting the angle dependence of , whereas the odd‐order nonlinear terms are involved in determining the absolute amplitude‐variation‐with‐offset magnitudes.

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2014-10-14
2019-12-09
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